Harrogate, a town renowned for its picturesque landscapes and rich heritage, the town I live in, holds a secret beneath its charming streets. A relic from a bygone era, the Brunswick railway tunnel and air raid shelter, lays quietly underneath the bustling life of this North Yorkshire town.

Constructed in 1848 by George Hudson and the York and North Midland Railway, the Brunswick tunnel was an ambitious project that connected Church Fenton to Harrogate’s Hornbeam Park station. The route took a sharp turn beneath a 400-yard stretch, known as the Brunswick tunnel, before reemerging near the Leeds Road/Park Drive roundabout.

Initially, the Brunswick station, nestled opposite Trinity Church on Trinity Road, marked the end of this line. The decision to place the station here was deliberate, ensuring the Stray’s tranquility remained undisturbed by the railway’s noise and smoke. However, this stance softened over time, and by 1862, the railway landscape changed with the arrival of the North Eastern Railway. This shift led to the creation of a new station, still in use today, and the Brunswick tunnel, along with its station, slipped into obscurity after just 14 years of service.

The tunnel’s story didn’t end there, though. As the Second World War cast its shadow over Europe, the Brunswick tunnel found a new purpose as an air raid shelter. Hidden steps from the Leeds Road roundabout led down to this underground sanctuary, equipped with blast walls, wooden benches, and even toilet facilities. Evidence of electric cabling hints at a semblance of comfort amidst the chaos of war.

Despite its wartime role, the tunnel was abandoned by 1943, and today, its entrance is sealed, leaving no hint of its existence. As you stroll along Langcliffe Avenue, you’re unknowingly passing over a piece of history that lies just beneath your feet.

Remarkably, after 146 years of neglect, the Brunswick tunnel remains in good condition. The indents of railway sleepers on its floor and the stalactites adorning the air raid shelter speak volumes of its past.

While the tunnel now stands as a silent testament to Harrogate’s rich history, it’s important to remember that it’s situated on private property. Although the pull of its hidden tales is large, visits are strongly discouraged without proper authorisation.

Through these rare glimpses into its past, the Brunswick tunnel and air raid shelter remind us of Harrogate’s dynamic history, silently echoing the stories of an era long gone but not forgotten.


Andrew Backhouse is a Yorkshire-based artist working with time-based media and digital collage. He is a self-confessed radio geek and he hopes to share his wonder. He also wants to share his naivety and enthusiasm for finding something interesting. Henri Chopin, AGF, and RuPaul influence Andrew’s artistic enquiry. Documenting “The new shiny thing,” Andrew tries to share his excitement for it. But, he also asks about its authenticity and worth.

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